Category Archives: 10th Century

The Normans

“Normans” is the name given to the most culturally-prominent descendants of the savage “Northmen” (the Vikings) who descended upon Western Christendom in unpredictable raids for nearly three centuries beginning in the mid-ninth century.:”(For outstanding summaries of these invasions and their … Continue reading

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Rollo of Normandy (ca. 860-ca. 932)

Rollo, sometimes known as “Rolf,” belonged to the savage “Northmen” (the Vikings) who descended upon Western Christendom in semi-regular, yet always unpredictable savage raids for nearly three centuries beginning in the mid-ninth century.:”(Some of this information has been taken from … Continue reading

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Avicenna, Pt. II

As mentioned in the previous installment, Avicenna is famous for making a distinction between essence (“what it is”) and existence (“that it is”) regarding contingent beings. Given that at the same time as he was attempting to correlate Muslim doctrine … Continue reading

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Avicenna, Pt. I

This set of posts will be exploratory in nature. Not being a professional philosopher or even a full-time student of philosophy, I represent my presentations or conclusions in these posts to be merely provisionally informative, the result of my non-specialist … Continue reading

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The Cluniac Monastic Movement

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The Pornocracy

This, along with the equivalent term “The Rule of the Harlots,” is the name often given to one of the darkest times in the history of the papacy–the period in the tenth century when the selection of popes was controlled … Continue reading

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Otto I, Emperor of the Germans (936-973)

Crowned “Emperor of the Romans” by Pope John XII in the year of the Lord’s incarnation 962, Otto I (a.k.a. “Otto the Great”) was the first emperor of what would eventually be called “the Holy Roman Empire,” but which was … Continue reading

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“The Century of Iron” (a.k.a., “The Dark Ages”)

Frequently in our era of Enlightenment the entire period of the Middle Ages is unjustly slandered as “the Dark Ages.” The term “the Dark Ages” was coined by the enemies of the Christian Religion in the eighteenth century to describe … Continue reading

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