Category Archives: Uncategorized

“Here There Be Dragons (?)”: Beowulf Vs. Modernity

Reading Beowulf:”(The version I used was Beowulf: A Dual-Language Edition, trans. Howell D. Chickering, Jr. [Garden City, New York: Anchor Press, 1977].)”: for the first time ever reminded me of two recent movies about the same theme of dragon-killing: The … Continue reading

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Amor Conquista Todo (Love Conquers All)

The theme of Shakespeare in Sonnets 65, 66, 71, 76, 73, and 146 that love transcends death is interesting.:”(Top 500 Poems, ed. William Harmon [New York: Columbia University Press, 1992], pp. 84-111.)”: Generally speaking I am not very comfortable with … Continue reading

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Ramblings on Faust, Mephistopheles, Melkor, and Discontent with Finitude

One of the Apostle Paul’s major complaints against the pagans is that they have always been ungrateful (2 Tim. 3:2). Dr. Faust seems to be a living illustration of the validity of this complaint, for he had a serious problem … Continue reading

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Athens in Aristophanes

To understand Aristophanes’s play The Birds one must be somewhat familiar with the Peloponnesian Wars. One way analyze the play is to take note of how the “conservative” Aristophanes treats the gods. I argue that Aristophanes is not a “conservative” … Continue reading

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Augustine, the Medieval Theologians, and the Reformation

Reformed theologian B.B. Warfield (1851-1921) famously said, “The Reformation, inwardly considered, was just the ultimate triumph of Augustine’s doctrine of grace over Augustine’s doctrine of the church.”  Paul Rorem, ironically the Benjamin B. Warfield Professor of Ecclesiastical History at Princeton, … Continue reading

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Ratzinger on the Bible and the Church

Reading Michael Horton’s piece on Pope Benedict XVI it struck me that the new pope is very faithful to very conservative readings of the Roman Catholic tradition, which include among other things, a certain type of apologetical stance toward Protestantism. … Continue reading

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Of Bookleggers, Memorizers, and Cultural Inheritance

Walter M. Miller, Jr., in his visionary 1959 novel A Canticle For Leibowitz, poignantly describes the inescapable human need to create culture and to imbue it with authority and norming power far beyond its very often meager origins. In the … Continue reading

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The Reformation Vs “Man’s Indomitable Credulity”

This is a really provocative passage from one of my favorite historians. The great shortcoming of the Reformation was its naive expectation that the majority of people were capable of radical religious enlightenment and moral transformation, whether by persuasion or … Continue reading

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Origins of Reformation Aphorisms

According to Markus Barth ["Sola Scriptura," in Scripture and Ecumenism, ed. Leonard J. Swidler (Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 1965), pg. 76], the common explanation of the Reformation as consisting of a “formal” principle (sola Scriptura) and a “material” principle (sola … Continue reading

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Snippets on Calvinism

Some things I took note of in my reading of an older book on the relationship of Calvinism to the social upheavals of the 16th and 17th centuries. These snippets are from Franklin Charles Palm, Calvinism and the Religious Wars … Continue reading

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